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心理健康和社会心理支持

精神健康和社会心理支持一词是指旨在保护或促进社会心理健康和预防或治疗精神健康问题的任何类型的当地或外部支持。

全世界的儿童,特别是处于危机、移徙和流离失所状况中的儿童,遭受前所未有的暴力、虐待、剥削和忽视,受到紧急情况的心理和社会影响,或经历逆境,会破坏受影响人口的日常功能、精神健康和社会心理健康。严重和长期的压力可能产生严重的长期后果,包括扰乱儿童的发展和学习,增加患糖尿病、心脏病和成年后的精神健康问题等身体健康问题的风险。

How children are affected, and their ability to cope, is influenced by their age and developmental stage, their pre-existing health and mental health, the support of caregivers, and the overall social environment of children and families (e.g. community support, sense of identity and material resources). The mental health and psychosocial wellbeing of caregivers has a critical impact on children's development and wellbeing.

拯救儿童基金会promotes a cross-sectoral, multi-layered approach to MHPSS in order to meet the ‘continuum of care’ needs of all children and families in emergencies or facing adversity – from those with needs for general support, to those with mental, neurological or substance use disorders or serious protection needs. MHPSS interventions should be integrated into existing services and structures (e.g. health clinics, schools, etc.) to improve access and reduce potential stigma and discrimination. This approach is outlined in Save the Children’s MHPSS Cross-sectoral Strategic Framework which has been developed to respond to critical gaps, and to lift the scale and quality of Save the Children’s MHPSS programming.

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